What are they?
First Aid

What are stimulants?

Stimulants are drugs that speed up your brain and nerves. They are sometimes called “uppers,” especially when referring to substance abuse.

Some stimulants are illegal and some are only legal when used by someone with a prescription, while others are available over the counter, without a prescription.

Stimulants include:

What are the effects of stimulants?

Every stimulant is a little different. In general, stimulants will make you feel more awake and alert, keep you from falling asleep, and make you feel like you have more energy.

If you take too much of a stimulant or take a stimulant that is not intended for you, you may:

  • Feel like your heart is beating too fast
  • Have a high body temperature
  • Feel anxious or nervous
  • Damage your muscles
  • Have a heart attack, stroke or seizure
  • Become violent or dangerous

For information on a stimulant, find it in our Poison Index.

What should I do if someone is sick from using a stimulant?

If someone has taken a stimulant in a way that could be harmful, call the poison center at 1-800-222-1222, chat online or text POISON to 85511. We can also answer any other questions you have about stimulants.

If someone has passed out or is not breathing, call 911 right away.

Last Updated: Tuesday May 17th 2016